U.S. Copyright Office
Library of Congress  

Orphan Works

Comment Form
(Closes May 21, 2014)
arrow_nav Extension of Comment Period
(April 4, 2014)
arrow_nav Notice of Inquiry
(February 10, 2014)
arrow_nav Reply Comments
(In response to Notice of Inquiry dated October 22, 2012)
arrow_nav Initial Comments
(In response to Notice of Inquiry dated October 22, 2012)
arrow_nav Notice of Inquiry
(October 22, 2012)
arrow_nav Mass Digitization:
A Preliminary Analysis and Discussion Document
arrow_nav Importance of Orphan Works Legislation
arrow_nav House Judiciary Committee Hearing on Orphan Works
(March 13, 2008)
arrow_nav Orphan Works Act of 2008
(April 24, 2008)
arrow_nav Shawn Bentley Orphan Works Act of 2008 (April 24, 2008)
arrow_nav Final Report: Full Report with Appendices (January 2006)  
arrow_nav Main Text (no Appendices)
arrow_nav Initial Comments
arrow_nav Reply Comments
arrow_nav Notice of Public Roundtables
(July 7, 2005)

Roundtable Transcripts:
Washington, DC (7/26/05)
Washington, DC (7/27/05)

Audio Recordings:
Berkeley, Calif. (8/2/05)
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5


Testimony to House Subcommittee
(March 8, 2006)


Testimony to Senate Subcommittee
(April 6, 2006)


Orphan Works Act of 2006 H.R. 5439 (May 22, 2006)

Notice of Request for Additional Comments

The U.S. Copyright Office has extended the deadline for public comments that address topics listed in the Office’s February 10, 2014, Notice of Inquiry and that respond to any issues raised during the public roundtables held in Washington, D.C., on March 10–11, 2014. All written comments should be submitted electronically using the comment submission form on the top left-hand side of this page. Comments are now due by 5:00 p.m. EDT on May 21, 2014. For more information, please see 77 FR 18932.


The Copyright Office is reviewing the problem of orphan works under U.S. copyright law in continuation of its previous work on the subject and to advise Congress on possible next steps for the United States. The Office has long shared the concern with many in the copyright community that the uncertainty surrounding the ownership status of orphan works does not serve the objectives of the copyright system. For good faith users, orphan works are a frustration, a liability risk, and a major cause of gridlock in the digital marketplace. The issue is not contained to the United States. Indeed, a number of foreign governments have recently adopted or proposed solutions.

During its review, the Office has requested comments and held public roundtables in Washington DC on March 10-11, 2014, which were videotaped and transcribed. During these roundtables, the Office heard a variety of viewpoints on a wide range of issues impacting orphan works and mass digitization efforts. The Office will post the transcripts and video on the Office website as they become available.