Copyright Law of the United States of America
and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code
The Berne Convention Implementation Act of 19881
Sec. 1 · Short Title and References to Title 17, United States Code.
(a) Short Title.—This Act, may be cited as the “Berne Convention Implementation
(b) References to Title 17, United States Code.—Whenever in this Act
The Congress makes the following declarations:
(1) The Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, signed at Berne, Switzerland, on September 9, 1886, and all acts, protocols, and revisions thereto (hereafter in this Act referred to as the “Berne Convention”) are not self-executing under the Constitution and laws of the United States.
(2) The obligations of the United States under the Berne Convention may be performed only pursuant to appropriate domestic law.
(3) The amendments made by this Act, together with the law as it exists on the date of the enactment of this Act, satisfy the obligations of the United States in adhering to the Berne Convention and no further rights or interests shall be recognized or created for that purpose.
(a) Relationship with Domestic Law.—The provisions of the Berne Convention—
(b) Certain Rights Not Affected.—The provisions of the Berne Convention, the adherence of the United States thereto, and satisfaction of United States obligations thereunder, do not expand or reduce any right of an author of a work, whether claimed under Federal, State, or the common law—
Title 17, United States Code, as amended by this Act, does not provide copyright
(a) Effective Date.—This Act and the amendments made by this Act take
(b) Effect on Pending Cases.—Any cause of action arising under title 17,
1This appendix consists of provisions of the Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988, Pub. L. No. 100-568, 102 Stat. 2853, that do not amend title 17 of the United States Code.
2 The Berne Convention entered into force in the United States on March 1, 1989.