Newspapers on Microfilm


If the Library of Congress does not want to retain my newspaper in the microfilm collection, do I still need to submit a copy of the 35mm silver positive to apply for the copyright registration?

If the Library of Congress decides not to retain your microfilm in the newspaper microfilm collection, the Copyright Acquisitions Division (CAD) of the Copyright Office may exempt you from sending the microfilm. CAD will notify you if your newspaper is exempt. However, the Library reserves the right to reverse this decision. If the Library decides to retain your newspaper in the collection in the future, CAD will issue to your organization a request for the microfilm deposit.


If the Library of Congress does not want to add our newspaper to its collection, can we still register our copyright with the Copyright Office?

Yes. In this case, an optional deposit may accompany the application. This deposit should consist of (a) complete print copies of the first and last issues of the month; or (b) print copies of the first section of the first and last issues of the month; or (c) print copies of the first page of the first and last issues of the month. For more information about the optional deposit, you may contact the Copyright Literary Division at 202-707-8250.


What are the requirements for applying for the newspaper group registration?

A group of newspaper issues may be registered on Form G/DN only if all the following conditions are met. (1) The newspaper is a daily newspaper. (2) The submission includes all issue dates within the calendar month within the same year. (3) The submission includes a complete month's issues in microfilm form, unless specifically exempted. (4) Each issue essentially must be an all-new collective work. (5) The work must be a work made for hire. (6) The author and copyright claimant must be the same person or organization. (7) The application Form G/DN must be filed within three months after the last publication date included in the group.


How do I register my daily newspaper through group registration?

In a single package, send a completed and signed form G/DN, a deposit of a positive 35mm silver-halide microfilm that includes all issues within the calendar month, and a $80 filing fee to:


Library of Congress
Copyright Office-SE
101 Independence Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20559-6226


Since copyright protection exists when the work is created, is it necessary to apply for copyright registration for our newspaper? What are the benefits of copyright registration?

Even though copyright protection is secured automatically upon creation, there are certain definite advantages to copyright registration. Registration establishes a public record of the copyright claim. Before an infringement suit may be filed in court, registration is necessary for works of U.S. origin. If made before or within five years of publication, registration establishes prima facie evidence in court of the validity of the copyright and of the facts stated in the certificate. If registration is made within three months after publication of the work or prior to an infringement of the work, statutory damages and attorney's fees will be available to the copyright owner in court actions. Also, registration allows the owner of the copyright to record the registration with the U.S. Customs Service for protection against importation of infringing copies.