“Publication” is the distribution of copies or phonorecords of a work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending. The offering to distribute copies or phonorecords to a group of persons for purposes of further distribution, public performance, or public display, constitutes publication. A public performance or display of a work does not of itself constitute publication.

The applicant, who knows the facts surrounding distribution of copies of a work, must determine whether the work has been published or not.

If you determine the work has been published, provide the complete date and nation of first publication in the space provided.

For a revised version, the publication date should be the date the revised version was first published, not the date the original version was first published. Note: The registration for a revised version covers only the new and revised authorship in that version.

Year of Completion (Year of Creation)

Give the year in which creation of this work was completed. Also, this should be the year this particular version was completed. Do NOT refer to earlier or later versions. Note: If the work is published the year of completion/creation cannot be later than the year of publication.

Date of First Publication

Give the month, day, and year the work was first published in any country. If you do not know the exact date of first publication, give the approximate month, day, and year.

Nation of First Publication

Select the nation of publication from the drop-down menu. If the work was published in the United States and another country on the same day, give “United States” as the nation of first publication.


If your work has an ISBN number, give it in the space provided. The International Standard Book Number is administered by the R. R. Bowker Company.