(a) Maximum number of proceedings. The number of Copyright Claims Board proceedings that may be filed by a claimant and the number of proceedings that may be filed by legal counsel or law firms on behalf of claimants in any 12-month period shall be limited in accordance with this section. A proceeding shall count toward the numerical limitation as soon as it is filed, regardless of how the proceeding is resolved, whether it is found to be noncompliant under § 224.1 or unsuitable under § 224.2 of this subchapter, voluntarily dismissed, or fails to become active due to a respondent's opt-out. Neither amendments to a claim, nor counterclaims filed in response to a claim shall count as additional claims in determining whether the limit has been reached. The following limitations shall apply:
(1) A claimant, including a corporate claimant's parents, subsidiaries, and affiliates, shall file no more than 30 proceedings in any 12-month period.
(2) A sole practitioner or a legal counsel associated with a law firm shall file no more than 40 CCB proceedings on behalf of claimants in any 12-month period.
(3) A law firm shall file no more than 80 CCB proceedings on behalf of claimants in any 12-month period.
(b) Circumvention of limit. If a claimant files a claim in excess of the limitation set forth in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, such claim shall be dismissed without prejudice. If a sole practitioner or legal counsel associated with a law firm files a claim in excess of the limitation set forth in paragraph (a)(2) or (3) of this section, the legal counsel or law firm at issue shall be ordered to withdraw from the proceeding and the Board may stay the proceeding for 60 days, which may be extended for good cause shown, for the claimant to retain new legal counsel. It may be considered bad-faith conduct under § 232.3 for a party to take any action for the sole purpose of avoiding the limitation on the number of proceedings that may be filed as set forth in this section.
(c) Law students, law clinics, and pro bono legal services. The limitations in this section do not apply to law students or a law clinic or pro bono legal services organization with a connection to the participating law student's law school.